Turkey’s a paradise of sun, sea, mountains, and lakes that offers a dramatic change from ordinary. Spring and autumn are the best times to visit, Turkey boasts and ideal climate, perfect for relaxing near sandy beaches or mountains and lakes.Turkey also has magnificent past, a land rich in remarkable treasures, the remnants of 13 successive civilizations spanning 10,000 years.Turkey is a unique country: a bridge between Asia and Europe,has an extremely rich cultural heritage.Turkey is surrounded by sea on three sides, by the Black Sea in the north, the Mediterranean in the south and the Aegean Sea in the west. In the northwest there is also an important internal sea, the Sea of Marmara, between the straits of the Dardanelles and the Bosphorus
, known officially as the Republic of Turkey
is a Eurasian country that stretches across the Anatolian
peninsula in western Asia and Thrace (Rumelia) in the Balkan region of southeastern Europe. Turkey
is bordered by eight countries: Bulgaria
to the northwest; Greece
to the west; Georgia to the northeast; Armenia
(the exclave of Nakhichevan) and Iran
to the east; and Iraq
to the southeast.
The Mediterranean Sea and Cyprus are to the south; the Aegean Sea and Archipelago are to the west; and the Black Sea is to the north. Separating Anatolia and Thrace are the Sea of Marmara and the Turkish Straits (the Bosporus and the Dardanelles), which are commonly reckoned to delineate the border between Asia and Europe, thereby making Turkey transcontinental.
Due to its strategic location astride two continents, Turkey’s culture has a unique blend of Eastern and Western tradition. A powerful regional presence in the Eurasian landmass with strong historic, cultural and economic influence in the area between Europe in the west and Central Asia in the east, Russia in the north and the Middle East in the south, Turkey has come to acquire increasing strategic significance.
Turkeytoday still holds a very strategic position on the world mapPerhaps no other land has witnessed so many diverse civilisations over the last nine thousand years.After the great Mesopotamians,the Hittite and Urartu kingdoms flourished,and in Westerb Anatolia the Ionian and Roman civilisation predominated.Istanbul holds the honour of having been the capital of two huge empires first the Byzantine then the Ottoman.
Anatolia is a melting pot where cultures from Sumer,Babylon and Assyria interacred for centuries with peoples such as the Hattis,Hittites and Hourrites.The result was a unique Anatolian civilisation which has long inspired the thoughts and legends of the West.
The ancient Bronze Age witnessed the establishment of the first independent city states.At that time,the centre and southeast of Anatolia were inhabitted by the indigenous Hattis.The most spectacular findings from thistime are those of Alaca Hoyuk in the Kizilirmak region and of Horoztepe near Tokat, in the Black Sea region.
They are contemporary with the royal tombs of Mycenae in Greece.Anatolia itself became a crossroads of peoples,cultures and religions.Christianity,for example,thrived here,and Islam was glorified by the Seljuks and Ottomans.
Geographical Regions Turkey has 81 administrative provinces and seven geographical regions. The first four of the seven regions are given the names of the seas which are adjacent to them.
The other three regions are named in accordance with their location in the whole of Anatolia.
One visit will not be enough, You will want to come back again and again as you discover one extraordinary place after another. As the locations and sights shange, one thing remains the same, the friendly people of this unique country, where the art of warm hospitality has been a cultural tradition for centuries.
Other names of country:
- Danish: Tyrkiet
- Dutch: Turkije, Republiek Turkije (formal)
- English: Republic of Turkey (formal)
- Finnish: Turkki
- French: Turquie
- German: Turkei
- Icelandic: Tyrkland
- Italian: Turchia
- Norwegian: Tyrkia, Republikken Tyrkia (formal)
- Portuguese: Turquia, Republica da Turquia (formal)
- Russian: Турецкая Республика (formal), Турция
- Spanish: Turqua, Republica de Turqua (formal)
- Swedish: Turkiet
- Turkish: Turkiye Cumhuriyeti (formal)